Drugs

A promising mRNA vaccine against malaria in mice

A promising malaria vaccine is being developed based on mRNA technology. Malaria is an infectious, life-threatening disease that is spread by mosquitoes. It is a global health threat: there were 228,000,000 clinical cases of malaria and 405,000 deaths worldwide in 2018. People who are at the highest risk of severe disease include pregnant women, children, […]

Drugs

There may be a gene for COVID-19 resistance

Evidence from a recent study suggests that a specific gene may provide some resistance to severe symptoms of COVID-19. According to the study, the genetic make-up of those who experience severe COVID-19 symptoms, versus those who are asymptomatic, significantly differ at one gene location. The study found a significantly higher frequency of the HLA-DRB1*04:01 gene […]

Drugs

What is topical vitamin E used for?

Vitamin E is an essential vitamin that should be consumed in the diet in adequate amounts to promote optimal health outcomes.  However, it is also used in some cosmetics and topical skin care products.  What is topical vitamin E, what is it used for, and are there any side effects? What is topical vitamin E? […]

Drugs

New device could mean a cure for hiccups

An easy-to-use scientific invention may provide a much-needed cure for hiccups. Although many home remedies exist, a practical and efficient cure for hiccups is still sorely needed. Researchers from the University of Texas may have developed a solution for those who suffer from hiccups in the form of a new tool. Many may rely on […]

Drugs

Are TENS machines effective for pain relief?

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation – known as TENS – is a method of pain relief, commonly used as a treatment for a variety of pain conditions. The advantages of TENS machines are that they are small, portable devices, that are easily used for at-home treatment, and are relatively inexpensive. People may also use TENS machines […]

Drugs

A non-invasive way to detect pregnancy complications

Scientists have developed a near infrared technology to non-invasively detect common pregnancy complications. The rate of overall pregnancy and childbirth complications in adult women in the US rose between 2014 and 2018 (1). This rise may be explained by the increase in women with pre-existing conditions before pregnancy and advanced maternal age (6). The most […]

Drugs

PHAs in skincare – what are they?

Polyhydroxy acids, also known as PHAs, are a type of ingredient that is sometimes used in skincare.  What are PHAs in skincare, how do they work, and what are their potential benefits and side effects? What are PHAs in skincare? PHAs are small molecules with a specific structure and acidic pH, and they are a […]

Drugs

How does tazarotene work?

Tazarotene is a relatively new prescription retinoid, and it is used to treat acne vulgaris, psoriasis, and other skin concerns.  How does tazarotene work, what is it used for, and what are the potential benefits and side effects? What is tazarotene? Tazarotene, also known as Tazorac, is a prescription topical cream that comes in 0.05% […]

Drugs

What are alpha-hydroxy acids?

Alpha-hydroxy acids are chemical compounds that are sometimes added to skincare products and in-office facial treatments.  What are alpha-hydroxy acids, what do they do, and what are their associated benefits and side effects? What are alpha-hydroxy acids? Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) are molecules that have a relatively acidic pH and a specific chemical structure.  They are […]

Drugs

How does azelaic acid work?

Azelaic acid is an ingredient that is sometimes found in prescription and over-the-counter skin care products, and it is used to treat a variety of skin concerns. In Canada, azelaic acid is only approved as a prescription medication. How does azelaic acid work, what is it used for, and what are the common benefits and side […]

Drugs Mental Health

Scientists may have found a natural anti-anxiety supplement

There may be a natural anti-anxiety supplement available, according to a recent study. Beta-sitosterol, an already established natural cholesterol-lowering supplement, has shown promising anti-anxiety effects. In the study published May 18, 2021, researchers from the Weizmann Institute of Science tested the effect of beta-sitosterol on the anxious responses of mice placed in stressful settings. Although […]

Drugs

Study shows long-lived immunity after COVID-19

Protective immunity against COVID-19 shown to be robust in a recent study. As new hospital admissions for people with COVID-19 continue to decrease (1), many locations are beginning to ease restrictions and return life to normal. Immunity to COVID-19 has increased due to vaccinations and natural immunity after infection. However, questions remain as to how […]