Diet

Are potatoes bad carbs?

Researchers recently compared the nutrient value of non-fried potatoes with that of refined grains, addressing the question, are potatoes bad carbs? In many popular diet plans, such as keto and paleo, the plain white potato gets a bad rap. Deemed as a “starchy” vegetable, they are either prohibited in these diet plans altogether or are […]

Mental Health

Screening for autism spectrum disorder

CHICA is a child health improvement through a computer automation system that promotes timely screening for autism spectrum disorder. A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association has found that computer automation together with clinical decision support could lead to improved screening in pediatric primary care practices. Researchers performed a randomized clinical […]

Aging

Potential role for regular aerobic exercise in Alzheimer’s disease prevention

In a pilot study, researchers investigated the potential of regular aerobic exercise in Alzheimer’s disease prevention. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia, a progressive brain condition that impairs memory, thought processes, and behavior. Dementia usually affects older people, although it is not a normal part of aging. With people living longer worldwide, […]

Diet

Benefits of a low-fat diet could include reduced risk of cognitive impairment

Cognitive impairment and dementia are significant conditions affecting women as they age, with a reported two-thirds of instances of age-related cognitive impairment and dementia seen in women. Previous research has found associations between diet and cognitive function, however large, well-designed studies have been significantly lacking. Given the relative ease of dietary interventions, this might be […]

Diet

What is the effect of optimism on diet quality?

A recent study has found that optimism impacts on diet quality, specifically associated with healthier eating patterns, and social eating patterns. Dispositional optimism is a type of positive trait when people expect that good things, rather than bad things, will happen to them in the future. Optimism is positively associated with many aspects of life. […]

Aging

Can eating walnuts help to preserve cognitive function?

A new study explores whether a high-walnut diet can slow cognitive decline and preserve cognitive function in older adults. Thanks to increases in global life expectancy, the global prevalence of dementia is on the rise. Despite this, modern medicine remains poorly equipped to deal with the condition. Treatments for dementia focus on slowing disease progression […]

Mental Health

Promising results from early trial with bumetanide for autism in young children

A pilot study investigating the effects of bumetanide for autism in young children has produced promising results. Autism, or “autism spectrum disorder” (ASD), is a brain development disorder that leads to behavior and communication problems. Children with ASD may have a range of symptoms including delay in speaking and difficulties in social interactions such as […]

Aging

Is there a link between air pollution and brain health?

A new study investigates the link between air pollution and brain health by investigating the effects of in proximity to major roads. Air pollution is a growing problem around the world as various industries produce increasing amounts of carbon dioxide, methane, and other pollutants. These pollutants have detrimental effects on climate change, air quality, and […]

Mental Health

Effects of ADHD medication on the brain

In a recent study, researchers investigated the effects of ADHD medication on the brain reward system using fMRI. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological condition, characterized by increased levels of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. Individuals with ADHD display symptoms in childhood, which often continue into adulthood. Methylphenidate is a drug commonly used to […]

Aging

The role of aluminum and amyloid-β in familial Alzheimer’s disease

A recent study has supported the link between aluminum and familial Alzheimer’s disease and further explored how aluminum and amyloid-β are interlinked in the disease. Familial Alzheimer’s disease is a rare type of Alzheimer’s disease that is associated with three kinds of genetic mutations – amyloid precursor protein, presenilin-1, and presenilin-2. The link between aluminum […]